Causes, Treatment, and Caring of Plantar Fasciitis
Heel pain is in most cases caused by plantar fasciitis, heel pain is sometimes referred to as heel spur syndrome particularly when there is a spur, it is worth noting that heel pain can also be caused by a fracture, tendon problems, arthritis disease, or in rare situations by a cyst. Owing to numerous possible source of pain on the heel, it is good to have your heel pain examined by a reliable and experienced ankle surgeon for proper diagnoses, an experienced and skilled ankle surgeon is cable of identifying all potential possibilities and hence determining the source of your heel pain. Many people have no idea what plantar fasciitis is, it is simply swelling of the plantar fascia that link the heel to toes, where it is the cause of your heel pain the membrane becomes irritated first and later swell cause the heel to pain. This article provides you with some insights regarding causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and available non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis.
The main cause of plantar fasciitis is faulty foot structure, this is common in people with flat feet, high-arched feet, or those with arch problems, chances of developing plantar fasciitis are high when you wear non-supportive shoes on hard flat surfaces, people who work long hours on their feet and those who are overweight have high chances of developing plantar fasciitis.
Some of the common signs of plantar fasciitis includes sharp and stabbing pain emanating from the lower part of the heel, arch pains, pain which worsen on standing, the pain increases over time, and swelling on the bottom of the heel. People suffering from plantar fasciitis explain that pain worsens on standing after sitting for a considerable amount of time, however, walking decreases the pain because it stretches the fascia.
To be diagnosed with plantar fasciitis, doctor obtains medical history and examines the foot feeling the pain, to make a final diagnosis the surgeon must rule out all other types of heel pain, the ankle surgeon may use imaging diagnostics such as x-rays to establish the type of heel pain you are experiencing, there are instances when a spur is present in a patient with plantar fasciitis, though rare it is a possibility, in such a situation the patient is diagnosed with plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.
Non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis include stretching exercises especially those that target the calf muscles, stretching these muscles relieves the pain and fasten recovery time, avoiding walking barefoot is another strategy to prevent or manage plantar fasciitis, when you walk barefoot you put plantar fascia on unnecessary pressure, icing is another non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis, 20 minutes of icing few times a day minimizes inflammation that causes the pain, it is also important to limit your physical activities, wear supportive shoes especially those with good arch support, you can use medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).